Are We Driving (the best) Half of Our Workforce Away?

Are We Driving (the best) Half of Our Workforce Away?

Last week was the Vice Presidential debate, and I didn’t watch it. Honestly, I am on a diet, forbidding alcohol, so it was not an option. However, looking at Social Media, my understanding of the debate’s outcome was:

  • It was a traditional debate; both sides avoided questions, had their talking points, and remained calm.
  • The Fly Won
  • Senator Kamala Harris made all sorts of unpleasant faces and was a “b****.”
  • Vice President Mike Pence talked over Kamela and the female moderator, demonstrating male sexism.

As I didn’t watch it, I have no idea who won; however, many women saw Vice President Pence’s interruptions of Senator Harris sexist norms. Simultaneously, various news outlets reported that Vice President Pence did a great job among many of the President’s supporters. This data ties in with a fascinating paper just released, “Status threat, not economic hardship, explains the 2016 presidential vote,” by Diana C. Mutz, at the University of Pennsylvania. According to Professor Mutz, “Candidate preferences in 2016 reflected increasing anxiety among high-status groups rather than complaints about past treatment among low-status groups.” Thus white males continue to be threatened by other groups diminishing their privilege and claiming to suffer discrimination. 

To those who are up in arms so far claiming there is no sexism in the U.S., I would recommend looking at the “Am I the Asshole?” forum on Reddit. The AITA forum provides a thorough look at gender inequality and the degree of sexism in our society. Once you have read this, reflect on what it means for your wife, daughter, and mother. We need to face it and remove it. Adopting the Administration’s stance with its executive order’s stated goal is “to combat offensive, and anti-American race and sex stereotyping and scapegoating,” is just doing more damage and denying reality.

However, being sexist in business and creating an unwelcoming environment for women will not attract more women into the business world. As I discussed in a prior blog post, we need them in business, and we need women more at higher levels of the organization. The data shows that:

  • Companies with female CFOs improved their earnings;
  • Companies with female CIOs improved their investment returns; and 
  • Companies with women on their boards performed better.

Furthermore, some claim that countries with women leaders have performed better during COVID, but there is more to that discussion. While this may be a correlation and not causality, it is worth noting. Women also are better at today’s’ leadership requirements, e.g., working in groups and showing empathy. As I said last week, most of our graduates from undergraduate, law, and medical schools are women; to drive them away is just putting us at a global disadvantage.

So, given the above, having more high performing women should put you at a competitive advantage. It is time for what I call the “Moneyball” approach. There is a market of high performing employees who are not valued as highly by your competition. The key is to provide an attractive work environment for them, design compensation to meet their needs, e.g., flexible time, and seek out to recruit them. Building an organization that attracts and retains high performing women at all levels will also attract other women and will provide you with a competitive advantage. We all need one of those in these times.

Copyright (c) 2020, Marc A. Borrelli

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After the Lockdown, Divorce?

After the Lockdown, Divorce?

As I predicted, following a stay at home, many couples will realize that they don’t like their spouses, which, when the restrictions are over, will seek a divorce. As China opens up, the number of divorce applications is hitting an all-time high. The Chinese city of Xi’an reopened its Marriage Registration offices on March 1, and by March 4 all appointments were taken through March 18.

According to Esther Perel, “The quality of your life ultimately depends on the quality of your relationships . . . which are basically a reflection of your sense of decency, your ability to think of others, your generosity.” Therefore at times like this, the quality of our relationships takes on greater meaning. Having been through the big “D”, I hope that none of you will experience it, but thought that the following might help.

A tragedy, or crisis, is an accelerant for relationships. If the relationship wasn’t healthy, it is like to deteriorate under the stress of COVID-19 and lockdown. Being trapped in an enclosed space with someone for an extended period could lead to disdain – especially if you were having problems before it started.

Being cooped up and experiencing the monotony and boredom, repetition, lack of variety, the feelings of anxiety and fear, and the social proximity, put us on a par with astronauts on the space station and others in isolated extreme environments according to Nathan Smith, at Manchester University. However, while astronauts are trained to deal with this environment and its challenges, we are unprepared – both mentally and in our supply of toilet paper. As a result, we are likely to feel a similar amount of fear as an astronaut going into space, but we need to adapt much more quickly to deal with it. “Preparedness is a big contributor to whether things like this are a success,” says Smith.

Furthermore, Sarita Robinson, a cognitive psychology lecturer at Central Lancashire, says, “If you’re with [your isolation partner] for a long enough time, things will eventually get too close.” However, she noted, “You get social support from the people that you’re close to. They provide you with a social buffer, and if you’re worried or anxious or upset, they help you deal with it.” So, if you’re down, lean on your partner for support, but be aware that complaining too much puts additional stress on the relationship. Also, a person’s mood is contagious.

Different people respond to partner support in different ways. Research has shown that men find isolation with a partner quite lovely, and women go a little nuts.

John Gottman, a psychology researcher, has defined certain behaviors, the “Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse,” that lead to the dissolution of romantic relationships, namely:

  1. Criticism. An attack on your partner’s character, as distinct from offering a critique or voicing a specific complaint. While you might not saying anything about your partner’s flaws to avoid conflict but bottled up, anger and frustration will turn to resentment.
  2. Contempt. An insult to your partner. People might do this verbally using sarcasm, or only by rolling their eyes.
  3. Defensiveness. A counterattack, most often in response to perceived criticism. Such a strategy is used to people when they are feeling victimized. They assign their partner the responsibility of causing them pain.
  4. Stonewalling. Elaborate maneuvers to avoid interacting with a partner. People who stonewall will often stop communicating with their partner, except for negative non-verbal gestures.

In addition to avoiding the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, here are some other things to consider.

  • Grief. The is “Grief” from what is happening and “Anticipatory Grief” from what we know is coming. Both are grief and are affecting us and those with whom we are isolated. We all know that there are five stages of grief: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. However, our response to this is not always linear, and we can move back and forth through these stages. For many, they are still in denial; others have moved to anger, and those in suffering in New York, Detroit, and Chicago maybe somewhere among the last three. Those in the bargaining stage are organizing themselves in practicalities, rather than acknowledging our vulnerabilities. Thus many are working hard, but productivity is not increasing in proportion.

  • Stress. At the moment, we are suffering acute stress from either economic anxiety (loss of income) or health care stress (loved ones are sick) or a combination of both. We all have different styles of coping with stress. To maintain our relationships, we need to acknowledge our anxiety and that of our partners. Be patient, and be kind. We may look like our usual selves, but realize that underneath we all are stressed and scared. Because you are so close to those close to you, acknowledge the positive in them. In thanking them and showing gratitude, we need to focus on the person more than the task. Finally, monitor the balance between positive and negative interactions with your partner. Aim for a ratio of 5:1

  • Personal space. One of the best ways to manage conflict is to physically remove yourself from the presence of the person who’s annoying you. Thus find a personal space that you can retreat to that has a door. A couple on the Diamond Princess suggested a closet. Also, there is that time when you need to withdraw from everyone. In that case, retreat, but before doing so, articulate your feelings, make a commitment to return, withdraw, and return.

  • Emotional Issues. Don’t rationalize away emotional issues or pretend it is business as usual, acknowledge them. If you don’t you don’t provide a place for acceptance, and this can lead to worse behaviors. Listen to your partner’s feelings and validate their response to these stresses as being OK. Become defensive and attacking your partner for how they feel or act will not help. Reassure your partner and your children of their safety. Have a conversation about what security means and how you plan to keep yourselves and other members the household safe. In the US, where everything is about “self,” COVID-19 is showing us that we cannot survive on our own. An emotional connection is essential for survival and mental wellness. Don’t ignore your children. Talk to them about it and acknowledge it because they know it not typical.

  • Conflicts. Some partners have come up with a code phrase, i.e., “Cuban Missile Crisis” so that they can call a truce on little arguments without actually having to apologize or be kind to each other. Choose one that works for you, but it is helpful to have one that is a reminder things could be a lot worse.

  • Routine. You need to have a fixed routine in this “new” world. That routine will include work, but should also allow for family commitments at home, especially some couple time. Also, the schedule must consist of time apart. Please take it in turns looking after the kids or other family members at home, and allow each additional time to work on individual hobbies. As part of this routine, you can practice healthier h
    abits, i.e., eating well, sleeping, exercising, practicing mindfulness, meditation, or learning a new skill. These things improve mental well-being and can help build intimacy if done together.

  • Rituals and After. During this time, create new routines. Many have noted that as a result of the lockdown, we are improving our relationships with our second-degree connections. It is a great time to have a virtual happy hour, virtual book club meetings, and virtual dinners. Such events create more significant relationships with those people too. Finally, make plans with your partner for when the crisis is over. While you need to accept reality, it is essential to recognize that the situation is not permanent. Planning something fun or different can help keep you positive and motivated to stay safe.

Hopefully, you will not be singing,

I’m goin’ through the Big D and don’t mean Dallas.
I can’t believe what the judge had to tell us.
I got the jeep and she got the palace.

Songwriters: Ronnie Rogers, Mark Wright, and my colleague from another time, Jon Scott Wright.

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We have all heard Alan Lakein’s quote “Failing to plan is planning to fail”. However, the problem today is that many middle market entrepreneurs sell their businesses without proper planning for the sale event and thus leave millions on the table.

I am sure that many of these entrepreneurs would say that they did plan to sell, hired an investment banker, and went through a process. However, this is the end part of the process and planning needs to start 3+ years in advance to be truly effective. In the sub $100MM market, to maximize the value of a business is not hoping some banker knows a buyer that will pay substantially more, but rather properly preparing the company for sale.

The lack of planning I believe is due to two issues: (i) entrepreneurs don’t fully realize the benefits of planning, and (ii) they don’t look at their business with external objectivity.

Proper planning will:

  • Allow your tax and wealth advisors to minimize your taxes and maximize wealth transfers;

  • Enable you to implement profit improvement measures and show the effect of those to a potential buyer;

  • Ensure that the company has a strategic plan that it is executing, and that the management team knows it, breathes it and lives it;

  • Ensure that your customer base is diverse, and you have developed recurring revenue lines, if possible;

  • Provide the opportunity to ensure that your contracts will allow for a sale and that they are relatively similar; and

  • Allow you to improve the company’s performance, to ensure it is performing in the top quartile of similar businesses.

All of these steps will increase the value to a buyer and increase the net proceeds to the seller. However, they take time to develop, implement and show results. They cannot be done overnight. This is like running a marathon, you can go out and run one, but if you train and work on it, you will do much better, but that takes time. Thus, the planning needs to start well in advance.

Finally, markets operate in cycles, which may not coincide with your plans. As inconvenient as this is, you have no control over market timing and must deal with the market conditions as they occur. Therefore, if the market window closes before the sale is complete, you can either sell at a lower price or wait 6 – 8 years for market conditions to return. To minimize this risk, always run your business as though you are going sell it “tomorrow.” Doing so will allow you to take advantage of market conditions when they occur and maximize your proceeds.

 

© 2015 Marc Borrelli All Rights Reserved

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